The Preamble of the Indian Constitution is an introductory statement that sets out the objectives, purpose, and context of the Constitution. It was adopted on 26th November 1949 by the Constituent Assembly of India.
The Preamble declares India to be a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic, and republic nation. It also highlights the unity and integrity of the country, justice, liberty, and equality for all citizens, and the promotion of fraternity among them.
The Preamble has been called the key to the Constitution because it contains the ideals and values on which the Indian Constitution is based. It also serves as a guiding principle for the interpretation of the Constitution.
The Preamble has been amended only once, in 1976, to add the words ‘socialist’ and ‘secular’ to it. The amendment was made during the period of the Emergency, and it aimed to reinforce the commitment of the Indian State to socialism and secularism.
Overall, the Preamble of the Indian Constitution is a vital part of the Constitution and reflects the aspirations and hopes of the Indian people.